Who Came First: Frigg or Freya?

Have you ever wondered who came first between Frigg and Freya? These two powerful goddesses from the Norse pantheon have a lot in common – they are both associated with fertility, beauty, and love. However, there is some debate among scholars and enthusiasts about which goddess was first and which is more revered. Some say that Frigg was the older and more significant goddess, while others argue that Freya is the more ancient and revered of the two.

There are several theories surrounding the origins of Frigg and Freya. Some believe that Frigg was a goddess of the Aesir tribe, while others claim that she was originally a Vanir goddess. Freya, on the other hand, is often associated with the Vanir tribe, who were seen as being more connected to nature and fertility than the Aesir. Some even believe that Freya and Frigg were originally the same goddess but became separated over time as the Norse pantheon evolved.

Regardless of which goddess came first, both Frigg and Freya hold an important place in Norse mythology and continue to be revered by many today. Whether you are drawn to the gentle and nurturing aspects of Frigg or the fiery passions of Freya, these goddesses offer something for everyone to connect with. So, which goddess do you feel drawn to – Frigg or Freya? The answer may not be as simple as you think.

Norse Mythology

Norse mythology is a complex and rich tapestry of myths, legends, and stories that have captivated people for centuries. The ancient Norse people believed in a pantheon of gods and goddesses who oversaw different aspects of their lives. Among these gods were two powerful goddesses, Frigg and Freya, who were often confused with each other by modern audiences. In this article, we’ll explore the question of who came first – Frigg or Freya – and what these two goddesses represent in Norse mythology.

The Origins of Frigg and Freya

Before we can dive into the debate of who came first, we need to understand the origins of Frigg and Freya. Both goddesses are members of the Aesir, the standard gods in Norse mythology, and are renowned for their beauty, wisdom, and magical abilities. However, they are associated with different aspects of life and have slightly different mythical backgrounds.

  • Frigg is the goddess of love, marriage, motherhood, and fate. She is married to Odin, the chief god of Norse mythology, and is mother to Balder, the god of light and peace. Frigg is known for her prophetic abilities and is often considered one of the most powerful goddesses in Norse mythology.
  • Freya, on the other hand, is the goddess of fertility, love, war, and death. She is not married, although she is often depicted as having many lovers, and is associated with the afterlife realm of Folkvangr, where half of the warriors who die in battle go. Freya is also known for her magical abilities, which allow her to shape-shift, fly, and command armies of warriors.

Debating Who Came First – Frigg or Freya

The question of who came first – Frigg or Freya – is a difficult one to answer definitively. However, based on the scanty evidence available in old Norse literature and the analysis of experts in Norse mythology, Frigg is the older of the two goddesses by a small margin. The name Frigg appears more frequently in ancient texts than Freya, and some scholars believe that her association with the goddess Frigga of Germanic mythology is proof of her older origins.


The debate of who came first – Frigg or Freya – is fascinating, but ultimately irrelevant in the grander scheme of Norse mythology. What’s important to understand is that both goddesses are powerful, complex, and integral to the pantheon of gods and goddesses that populate the world of Norse mythology. Whether you prefer Frigg or Freya, it’s worth taking the time to explore the captivating stories and legends associated with both of these remarkable goddesses.

The Aesir Gods

The Aesir Gods are one of the two main groups of deities in Norse mythology. They are associated with war, conquest, and the sky, and are known for their bravery and strength. The Aesir Gods include many well-known figures such as Odin, Thor, and Loki.

Frigg or Freya: Who Came First?

  • Frigg, also known as Frigga, is the goddess of love, fertility, and marriage. She is married to Odin and is known for her wisdom and prophetic abilities.
  • Freya, also known as Freyja, is the goddess of love, fertility, and war. She is associated with magic and is known for her beauty and sensual nature.
  • It is unclear which goddess came first, as Norse mythology predates written records and many stories have been lost or altered over time.

However, it is believed that Frigg was probably the first to be worshipped by the ancient Germanic peoples. She was originally a patron goddess of the Vanir, a group of deities associated with fertility and the earth. When the Vanir and Aesir merged, Frigg became a member of the Aesir pantheon and her role expanded to include marriage and childbirth.

In contrast, Freya was originally a goddess of the Vanir. She played a significant role in the conflict between the Vanir and Aesir, which was eventually resolved through a hostage exchange. As part of this exchange, the Aesir gained Freya as one of their own.

Frigg Freya
Goddess of love, fertility, and marriage Goddess of love, fertility, and war
Married to Odin, the chief of the Aesir Not married, but has many lovers and suitors
Associated with wisdom, prophecy, and motherhood Associated with magic, beauty, and sexuality

Despite their differences, both Frigg and Freya remain popular figures in modern Norse-influenced spirituality and paganism. Many modern practitioners view them as distinct but complementary goddesses, with Frigg representing the nurturing qualities of motherhood and Freya embodying the passionate and fearless aspects of femininity.

The Vanir Gods

The Vanir Gods are a group of Scandinavian deities that are associated with fertility, wisdom, and nature. They are one of the two main pantheons in Norse mythology, alongside the more well-known Aesir Gods. The Vanir and Aesir Gods are known for their ongoing rivalry, which eventually led to a peace treaty between the two groups. One of the key figures in this peace treaty was none other than Freya, the goddess who is often associated with love, fertility, war, and death. But who came first – Freya or Frigg?

There is some debate among scholars about which goddess came first. Some argue that Frigg was the older of the two, and that Freya was a later addition to the pantheon. Others suggest that Freya was a primary goddess that was worshipped before Frigg. It’s difficult to say for certain, as there are few written records from the time when the religion was practiced.

  • One theory is that the Vanir Gods were originally a separate group of deities that were assimilated into the Norse pantheon. Freya is often associated with the Vanir, while Frigg is an Aesir. This suggests that Freya may have been a god worshipped by the ancient tribes of Scandinavia before they adopted the Norse religion and incorporated her into their pantheon.
  • Another theory is that Frigg and Freya were actually two aspects of the same goddess, with Frigg representing the domestic side of her personality and Freya representing the wild, untamed side. This would mean that both goddesses were worshipped from the beginning of the religion and were considered equally important.
  • Yet another theory is that Frigg and Freya were not originally separate goddesses at all, but actually different names for the same deity. This theory is supported by the fact that the two goddesses share many characteristics and are often associated with similar animals, such as swans and falcons.

Ultimately, it’s impossible to say for sure which goddess came first. What is clear, however, is that both Frigg and Freya were important figures in Viking religion and played a crucial role in the mythology of the Norse pantheon.

Looking at the bigger picture, the Vanir Gods as a whole represented an important component of Norse mythology. They were associated with fertility, agriculture, and the natural world, and were often depicted with powerful, life-giving abilities. Freya, for example, was said to have the power to resurrect fallen warriors from the dead, while the Vanir god Njord was known for his ability to bring good harvests and calm seas.

Name Attributes
Njord God of the sea, winds, fishing, and fertility
Freyja Goddess of love, fertility, war, and death
Freyr God of agriculture, fertility, and prosperity
Gullveig Goddess associated with magic and witchcraft

Overall, the Vanir Gods were a significant part of Norse mythology and religion. Whether Frigg or Freya came first is still up for debate, but the importance of these deities cannot be denied. They represented the life-giving forces of fertility and agriculture, and were worshipped by the ancient tribes of Scandinavia for centuries.

Goddesses in Norse Mythology

Norse mythology is full of colorful characters, enchanting places, fascinating stories, and powerful gods and goddesses. Among the deities of this ancient mythology, the goddesses are portrayed in various ways, from wise and nurturing mothers to fierce warriors and cunning enchantresses. In this article, we explore the most prominent goddesses in Norse mythology, their stories, symbols, and roles.

Who came first: Frigg or Freya?

Two of the most well-known goddesses in Norse mythology are Frigg and Freya. While they share some similarities, in terms of their attributes and roles, they are distinct entities. One of the frequently asked questions about these two goddesses is who came first. Unfortunately, there is no clear answer to this question, as the mythological timeline is not precise, and the stories involving these two goddesses often interconnect, with varying versions or interpretations.

  • Who is Frigg? Frigg is the goddess of marriage, motherhood, and fertility. She is also associated with diplomacy, wisdom, and divination. Frigg is the wife of Odin, the Allfather, and queen of Asgard, the realm of the gods. She is depicted as a loving and protective mother, a wise advisor, and a skilled seeress. Frigg has a chariot pulled by two giant ravens, Huginn (thought) and Muninn (memory), who bring her news and intelligence from all over the world.
  • Who is Freya? Freya is the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility. She is also a warrior goddess, associated with war, death, and magic. Freya is the daughter of Njord, the god of the sea, and sister of Frey, the god of fertility, harvest, and prosperity. She is depicted as a stunningly beautiful and sensual woman, often wearing a necklace called Brisingamen, which she acquired through a daring adventure. Freya rides a chariot pulled by two cats, and is attended by the Valkyries, the maidens who choose the slain warriors to join Odin in Valhalla.

While there are some similarities between Frigg and Freya, such as their connection to love and fertility, their personalities and attributes are distinct. While Frigg is primarily associated with marriage and motherhood, and is portrayed as gentle and nurturing, Freya is a wilder, more passionate and independent goddess, associated with love affairs, magic, and warfare.

The question of who came first, Frigg or Freya, is difficult to answer definitively, as there are various versions and interpretations of the Norse myths. Some scholars believe that Frigg was the original goddess of marriage and motherhood, and Freya was a later addition, perhaps influenced by Germanic or Celtic goddesses of love and beauty. Others suggest that Freya was a pre-existing goddess who later evolved into a more complex and multifaceted figure, incorporating attributes of love, war, and magic.

Goddess Attributes Symbol
Frigg Marriage, motherhood, fertility, wisdom, divination Ravens, spindle, clouds
Freya Love, beauty, fertility, war, death, magic Cats, falcons, boar, Brisingamen necklace

Although it is unclear who came first, Frigg or Freya, both goddesses hold a significant place in Norse mythology and have been depicted in various forms of art, literature, and popular culture. Their stories and symbols continue to inspire and intrigue people around the world, as they represent aspects of human nature and experience that are timeless.

Frigg’s Role in Norse Mythology

Frigg is known as the chief goddess in the Norse pantheon, and is often associated with motherhood, marriage, and domesticity. Her name means “beloved” in Old Norse, and she is known for her beauty, wisdom, and foresight.

  • Frigg was the wife of Odin, the god of war, poetry, and wisdom. As the queen of the gods, she was a powerful and influential figure in Norse mythology.
  • One of Frigg’s most important roles was as the mother of Baldur, one of the most beloved and pure-hearted gods in the pantheon. She was known for her love and devotion to her son, and went to great lengths to protect him from harm.
  • Frigg was also associated with weaving and spinning, and was said to spend much of her time working at her loom. Her spinning was believed to be a symbol of the order and harmony that she brought to the world.

Frigg played a crucial role in many of the stories and legends of Norse mythology. Here are a few examples:

In the story of Baldur’s death, Frigg made every creature and object in the world swear not to harm her son, except for one small mistletoe plant. Loki, the trickster god, used the mistletoe to kill Baldur, breaking Frigg’s heart and causing a great mourning throughout the land.

When Odin was on his quest for knowledge and wisdom, he disguised himself as a wanderer and came to Frigg’s hall. She recognized him immediately, and challenged him to a game of wits. The two of them exchanged riddles and questions late into the night, until they both realized that they were well-matched in intelligence and wit.

Attribute Representation
Animal Falcon
Colors Blue, Purple
Element Air

Frigg’s role in Norse mythology is complex and multi-faceted, but she is generally seen as a powerful and benevolent figure who played a crucial role in maintaining balance and harmony in the world.

Freya’s Role in Norse Mythology

Freya, also known as Freyja, is a prominent goddess in Norse mythology and is often associated with fertility, love, beauty, and war. She is one of the most important and powerful of the Norse gods and goddesses. Her role in Norse mythology is complex and multifaceted, and she plays a key part in many of the most important myths and legends.

The Goddess of Love and Fertility

One of Freya’s most prominent roles is as the goddess of love, sex, and fertility. She is often depicted as a beautiful, sensual, and powerful woman who is incredibly attractive to both men and women. As the goddess of fertility, she is also associated with motherhood and childbirth. She is sometimes depicted as a motherly figure who is compassionate and caring toward her followers.

The Goddess of War and Death

Freya is also a goddess of war and death. She is associated with the Valkyries, the women who choose which warriors will die in battle and which will be taken to Valhalla. Some stories depict her as leading the Valkyries into battle, and she is said to have the power to grant victory to her chosen warriors. The image of a beautiful woman leading warriors into battle and deciding their fate is a powerful symbol of both the beauty and brutality of war.

Freya’s Magic and Power

  • Freya is also a powerful practitioner of magic, and she is known for her ability to shape-shift and travel between worlds. She is sometimes described as the most powerful magic user among the Norse gods and goddesses.
  • One of her most famous magical artifacts is her necklace, Brisingamen, which is said to have been forged by dwarves. The necklace represents her power over fertility and sexuality, and it is often depicted as a symbol of her beauty and sensuality.
  • In some stories, Freya is also associated with the practice of seidr, a form of Norse magic that involves divination, prophecy, and the manipulation of fate. She is said to have taught the practice to the god Odin.

Freya’s Relationships with Other Gods

Freya is closely associated with several other Norse gods and goddesses, and she plays an important role in many of their stories and legends. Her brother, Frey, is also a god of fertility and war, and the two are often linked together in myths and legends. She is also associated with Odin, the king of the gods, and she is said to have taught him the practice of seidr.


Role Summary
Goddess of Love and Fertility Freya is associated with love, sex, fertility, and motherhood.
Goddess of War and Death Freya plays a role in deciding who lives and dies in battle.
Magician Freya is a powerful practitioner of magic and is associated with seidr.
Relationships with Other Gods Freya is associated with several other Norse gods and goddesses, including Frey and Odin.

Freya is a complex and interesting goddess who plays many important roles in Norse mythology. Whether she is the goddess of love, fertility, war, or magic, she is always depicted as powerful, beautiful, and sensual. Her unique combination of attributes has made her one of the most beloved and fascinating figures in Norse mythology.

Comparing Frigg and Freya

Both Frigg and Freya are powerful goddesses in Norse mythology, often associated with fertility, love, and wisdom. However, there are distinct differences between the two that set them apart.

  • Origin: Frigg is believed to be the wife of Odin and the mother of his sons, while Freya is known as the daughter of the sea god Njord and also the sister of Frey.
  • Powers: While both goddesses are known for their beauty, fertility, and wisdom, Frigg is also known for her power over fate, weaving the destiny of all beings, while Freya is known for her ability to inspire love and passion, as well as being a warrior goddess who rides a chariot pulled by cats.
  • Associations: Frigg is often associated with the home, domesticity, and motherhood, while Freya is associated with sexuality, fertility, and magic.
  • Symbolism: Frigg is often represented by the spinning wheel and distaff, while Freya is associated with the falcon, which is believed to be her spirit animal.
  • Worship: In ancient Norse society, Frigg was often worshipped as a goddess of marriage and domesticity, while Freya was revered as a fertility goddess and also honored by warriors.
  • Influence: Frigg’s influence is felt throughout Norse mythology, particularly in her role as the mother of sons, while Freya’s influence can be seen in modern times in the name of the day Friday, which is named after her.
  • Legacy: While both goddesses play significant roles in Norse mythology, Freya has perhaps had a greater impact on popular culture, being featured prominently in comics, films, and literature, often as a powerful, independent and inspirational female character.

The Number 7

Interestingly, both Frigg and Freya are associated with the number 7 in Norse mythology. Frigg is said to have had seven handmaidens, while Freya is associated with the number 7 through her connection with the Valkyries, who in some accounts are said to be seven in number.

Goddess Associated with the number 7 through…
Frigg Her seven handmaidens
Freya The Valkyries, who are sometimes said to be seven in number

The significance of the number 7 in Norse mythology is not fully understood, but it is believed to have held sacred meaning and been associated with luck, magic, and spirituality.

FAQs about Who Came First Frigg or Freya

Q: Who is Frigg?

A: Frigg is the goddess of love and fertility in Norse mythology. She is often associated with motherhood and is depicted as a loving and protective mother figure.

Q: Who is Freya?

A: Freya is the goddess of love, fertility, and war in Norse mythology. She is often associated with sexuality and is depicted as a powerful, independent woman.

Q: Which goddess came first?

A: It is difficult to determine which goddess came first because both Frigg and Freya have been worshiped for centuries. Some scholars believe Frigg was worshiped first, while others argue that Freya was more prominent in early Norse mythology.

Q: Are Frigg and Freya the same goddess?

A: No, Frigg and Freya are not the same goddess. Although they share some similarities, they are distinctly different characters in Norse mythology.

Q: Did Frigg and Freya have any conflicts?

A: There is no evidence of any conflicts between Frigg and Freya in Norse mythology. In fact, they are often portrayed as allies and powerful forces for good in the world.

Q: Can I worship both Frigg and Freya?

A: Yes, it is possible to worship both Frigg and Freya. In fact, many people in modern Paganism and Heathenry worship both goddesses and see them as complementary forces in the universe.

Q: What can we learn from the stories of Frigg and Freya?

A: The stories of Frigg and Freya teach us about love, fertility, strength, and the power of women in Norse mythology. They are important figures in Norse mythology and continue to inspire people today.

Closing Thoughts on Who Came First, Frigg or Freya

Thank you for reading about Frigg and Freya, two of the most beloved goddesses in Norse mythology. While it is difficult to determine who came first, we can appreciate the stories of both goddesses and the impact they have had on our culture and spiritual practices. Whether you worship Frigg, Freya, or both, we hope you have gained a greater appreciation for these remarkable women and their significance in the world.

We invite you to visit us again later for more articles about Norse mythology and other fascinating topics. Thanks for reading!