Understand Islam: What Are the 5 Pillars of Islam in Order?

Have you ever wondered about the fundamentals of the Islamic faith? There are five essential pillars of Islam that every devout Muslim adheres to. Each of these elements is considered integral to leading a faithful and fulfilling life as a Muslim.

So what are these five pillars of Islam in order? Firstly, there’s Shahada, which establishes faith as the foundation of Islam. The second important pillar is Salah, which involves the performance of daily prayers prescribed by Allah. The third pillar is Zakat, which focuses on giving to those in need and supports the concept of community and brotherhood. Next is Sawm, or the observance of fasting during Ramadan, which serves as a way of demonstrating obedience to God. Finally, the fifth pillar is Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca, which is required of every able and financially capable Muslim at least once in their lifetime.

By understanding these five pillars, you can begin to see the depth and richness of Islamic faith. These pillars serve as the guiding principles of the religion and form the foundation of daily living for Muslims worldwide.

Importance of the Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation upon which the Muslim faith is built. These pillars are an essential part of Muslim worship and must be followed by all believers. The Five Pillars serve as a guide for Muslims to develop a relationship with Allah and live a life that is pleasing to Him.

  • Shahada: The first pillar of Islam is the declaration of faith, which is known as Shahada. This declaration affirms that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is his messenger. This statement is said to reaffirm the belief in the oneness of God and the message of the prophet.
  • Salah: The second pillar of Islam is Salah, or prayer. Muslims are required to pray five times a day, facing Mecca. This ritual helps Muslims to maintain a close relationship with Allah and seek guidance from Him throughout the day.
  • Zakat: The third pillar of Islam is Zakat, or almsgiving. This involves donating a portion of one’s wealth to help the less fortunate in society. This practice helps to promote social equality, compassion, and generosity among Muslims.
  • Sawm: The fourth pillar of Islam is Sawm, or fasting. Muslims are required to fast from dawn till sunset during the month of Ramadan. This helps to strengthen one’s willpower, self-control, and empathy for the less fortunate, as well as remind them of the blessings of Allah.
  • Hajj: The fifth pillar of Islam is Hajj, or pilgrimage. Muslims who are physically and financially able are required to make the journey to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. This helps to reinforce the concept of unity among Muslims and connect believers from around the world.

The Five Pillars of Islam are not only important because they are mandatory practices for Muslims but also because they help to promote the Islamic values of unity, compassion, charity, and spirituality. These values can help to foster social harmony, interfaith dialogue, and understanding among people from all walks of life.

Shahada- The First Pillar of Islam

The Shahada, also known as the Declaration of Faith, is the first pillar of Islam and the most fundamental belief of a Muslim. It is a declaration of faith and a commitment that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger. The word “Shahada” itself means “testimony” and Muslims believe that reciting it is a necessary part of entering the faith.

  • The Shahada is said in Arabic as “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad rasul Allah,” which translates as “There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
  • Reciting the Shahada in front of two Muslim witnesses is one of the requirements for becoming a Muslim.
  • The Shahada is also a reminder to Muslims of their faith and the importance of it in their daily lives.

Muslims are expected to have a strong belief in the Shahada and to live their lives in accordance with its principles. It is considered the foundation of Islam and the basis for all other beliefs and practices within the religion.

Reciting the Shahada is a powerful and profound declaration of faith. For many Muslims, it is the defining moment in their journey towards Islam and the beginning of a lifelong commitment to the religion.

Arabic Text Transliteration Translation
لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ La ilaha illa Allah There is no god but Allah
مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ Muhammad rasul Allah Muhammad is the messenger of Allah

The Shahada is a beautiful and simple declaration of faith that serves as a reminder to Muslims of their belief in Allah and the importance of living their lives according to his teachings. It is a powerful symbol of unity and a shared belief in the oneness of God.

Salah- The Second Pillar of Islam

Salah, also known as prayer, is the second pillar of Islam and is an essential part of a Muslim’s daily life. The act of performing Salah requires the individual to perform a series of physical movements and recite prayers, while facing the Ka’aba in Mecca. Muslim scholars have stated that the Salah is the most important act of worship after the declaration of faith, and it is incumbent upon every Muslim to perform it.

  • Salah is performed five times a day, at predetermined times based on the position of the sun. These times are Dawn (Fajr), Noon (Zuhr), Afternoon (Asr), Evening (Maghrib), and Night (Isha).
  • The Salah consists of a series of physical movements that include standing (Qiyam), bowing (Ruku), prostrating (Sujud), and sitting. These movements are performed in a specific order, and each movement is accompanied by reciting verses from the Quran and other supplications.
  • The act of facing the Ka’aba in Mecca symbolizes the unity of Muslims worldwide and their submission to Allah.

Salah is not only a form of worship, but it also provides numerous physical and spiritual benefits to individuals who perform it regularly. Some of the benefits include:

  • Increased physical activity and flexibility
  • Improved mental focus and concentration
  • Stress relief and relaxation
  • A sense of peace and tranquility

The importance of Salah in Islam cannot be overstated. It serves as a reminder for Muslims to maintain a constant connection with Allah and to remain mindful of their spiritual responsibilities. Additionally, performing Salah on a regular basis helps to strengthen the individual’s faith and commitment to Islam.

Salah Time Description
Dawn (Fajr) The time for the morning prayer, which begins at dawn and lasts until sunrise.
Noon (Zuhr) The time for the midday prayer, which begins after the sun has passed its zenith and lasts until the shadow of an object is equal to its height.
Afternoon (Asr) The time for the afternoon prayer, which starts when the length of an object’s shadow is twice its height and lasts until the sun is close to setting.
Evening (Maghrib) The time for the evening prayer, which begins immediately after the sun sets and lasts until the red twilight disappears.
Night (Isha) The time for the night prayer, which begins after the twilight of dusk and lasts until the dawn

Overall, Salah is an incredibly important aspect of Islam, serving as a daily reminder for Muslims to remain close to Allah and maintain a connection with the divine. The performance of Salah requires discipline, focus, and devotion and provides numerous physical and spiritual benefits to those who perform it regularly.

Zakat- The Third Pillar of Islam

Among the five pillars of Islam, Zakat is the third pillar. It is the act of giving a portion of one’s wealth to those in need, specifically the poor and needy. This practice is considered an obligation for all able Muslims, provided they meet certain criteria such as owning a certain amount of wealth.

Zakat is a means of achieving greater social justice, as it helps to redistribute wealth and support those who are less fortunate. It is also seen as a way to purify one’s income and wealth, reminding Muslims of their responsibility to share and give to those in need.

  • Zakat is typically calculated as 2.5% of an individual’s wealth that has been owned for an entire lunar year.
  • The distribution of Zakat is commanded in the Qur’an, with eight specific beneficiaries including the poor, the needy, those who are in debt, and travelers in need.
  • Zakat can be given directly to the needy or through Islamic charities and organizations.

Zakat goes beyond merely giving money to those in need, it is also a way to connect with the wider Muslim community. By giving Zakat, Muslims acknowledge that they are part of a larger family, sharing resources and supporting each other in times of need. In fact, in some Muslim societies, the act of giving Zakat is seen as a communal experience, with public Zakat ceremonies held for the distribution of funds.

In essence, Zakat is a way to practice empathy, compassion and generosity, values that lay at the core of the Islamic faith. It is a reminder that wealth and possessions are not the ultimate goal in life, but rather a resource to be shared and used for the betterment of society.

Zakat Distribution Percentage of Zakat
The poor and needy 50%
Those employed to distribute Zakat 5-10%
New Muslims in need of support 5-10%
Debt repayment 20-25%
Islamic projects and charities 10-15%

Zakat is not just an act of charity, it is a fundamental part of the Islamic faith and an essential means of achieving greater social justice. By giving Zakat, Muslims are acknowledging their responsibility to help those in need and support their wider community. It is a reminder that wealth is not an end in itself, but a resource that can be used for the betterment of society.

Sawm- The Fourth Pillar of Islam

Sawm or fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam and is considered one of the most important and admirable practices for Muslims. It is observed during the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.

During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs from before dawn until sunset. Apart from physical abstinence, Muslims are also required to maintain purity of thoughts and actions, refrain from negative behaviors, and increase their levels of worship and devotion to Allah.

  • Benefits of Fasting:
  • 1. Strengthening of Faith: Fasting helps Muslims to develop a stronger connection with Allah and their religion.
  • 2. Self-Discipline: Abstaining from food and drink teaches self-control and discipline, which can be applied to other aspects of life.
  • 3. Empathy: Fasting allows Muslims to empathize with those who are less fortunate and have limited access to food and water.

Fasting during Ramadan is not mandatory for children, the elderly, pregnant women, or those with serious health conditions. However, those who are not able to fast are encouraged to perform other acts of worship and charitable deeds during this time.

In addition to the obligatory fasting during Ramadan, some Muslims also fast outside of this month as an act of voluntary worship. These voluntary fasts can be observed on any day of the year, except for some specific days.

Types of voluntary fasts: Description:
Sunnah Fasts Observed during the days following Ramadan.
Ayyamul Bidh Observed on the 13th, 14th, and 15th day of each Islamic month.
Ashura Observed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram.

In conclusion, fasting is not just about abstaining from food and drink, but it is a spiritual practice that helps Muslims to strengthen their faith, develop discipline, empathy, and purify their thoughts and actions. It is considered a way to achieve forgiveness and draw closer to Allah.

Hajj – The Fifth Pillar of Islam

Hajj is the fifth and final pillar of Islam which is a mandatory pilgrimage that every able-bodied Muslim must undertake at least once in their lifetime. It is an annual event held in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during the first ten days of the Islamic lunar month of Dhul-Hijjah.

The pilgrimage to Mecca for Hajj is a religious obligation that every Muslim desires to fulfill. This holy journey is a unique experience for every Muslim as it brings together people from diverse backgrounds and cultures in a spirit of universal brotherhood and sisterhood. This spiritual journey is a time for Muslims to reaffirm their faith and strengthen their bonds with Allah (SWT).

Steps of Hajj

  • Wearing Ihram – Before the start of Hajj, pilgrims enter a state of ritual purity known as Ihram. This involves wearing special white garments for men and modest clothing for women, and refraining from certain activities such as cutting hair, using perfumes, and sexual activity.
  • Tawaf – Pilgrims perform Tawaf which is circling the Kaaba seven times, located at the center of the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. This symbolizes the unity of all Muslims around the world and their devotion to Allah.
  • Sai – After Tawaf, pilgrims perform Sai, which is running between the hills of Safa and Marwah seven times. This is a commemoration of Hz. Hagar’s search for water for her son Hz. Ishmael.
  • Arafat – On the second day of Hajj, pilgrims gather at Mount Arafat, which is considered to be the most important part of Hajj. Here, they offer supplications to Allah and ask for forgiveness for their sins, hopes, and dreams.
  • Muzdalifah – After sunset, pilgrims proceed to Muzdalifah, where they spend the night under the open sky and collect pebbles for the next step.
  • Stoning of the Devil – The final step of Hajj is the Stoning of the Devil, where pilgrims throw pebbles at pillars or walls representing Satan. This symbolizes the rejection of evil and the triumph of good over evil.

Importance of Hajj

Hajj not only holds a deep religious significance for Muslims but also has many practical benefits. The journey to Mecca for Hajj provides an opportunity for spiritual awakening, self-reflection, and renewal of faith. It also reinforces the belief in the unity and equality of all people, regardless of their race, nationality, or socio-economic status. Moreover, it is a chance for pilgrims to meet and interact with other Muslims from around the world, share experiences, and build lifelong connections.

Hajj in the Time of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, and only a limited number of pilgrims were allowed to attend the Hajj in 2020 and 2021. This was done in order to prevent the spread of the virus and ensure the safety of all pilgrims. However, with the widespread availability of vaccines, there is hope that the Hajj will soon return to its full capacity.

Year Number of Pilgrims
2019 2.49 million
2020 10,000 pilgrims
2021 60,000 vaccinated pilgrims

Despite the restrictions, Muslims around the world continue to aspire to undertake this holy journey in the future and fulfill their religious obligation of Hajj.

Effect of Five Pillars on Muslim Society

The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the Islamic way of life. They are the framework for all Muslims to lead a meaningful and fulfilling life. Each pillar is essential in its own right and has a profound impact on the individual and the society as a whole. In this article, we will discuss the effect of the Five Pillars on Muslim society.


  • Prayer is a unifying force in Muslim society. Five times a day, Muslims all over the world turn towards Mecca to perform their prayers. This shared ritual creates a sense of community and an awareness of the global Muslim community.
  • Prayer also instills discipline and focus in individuals. It teaches humility and reminds them of their place in the world, reinforcing the belief in Allah’s supremacy.
  • Regular prayer also helps to create a sense of balance in life. It allows for a break from the hustle and bustle of daily life, allowing individuals to focus on the spiritual and emotional aspects of their lives.


Zakat, or giving to charity, is a cornerstone of Muslim society. It is a way for individuals to give back to their community and help those in need. The act of giving is an expression of gratitude and thankfulness for all that has been bestowed upon them. It creates a sense of empathy and compassion towards those less fortunate, fostering a culture of generosity and kindness.


Fasting during the month of Ramadan is an act of self-discipline and self-restraint. It helps individuals to develop a sense of empathy towards those who are less fortunate, instilling an awareness of the importance of food and water. It also strengthens the bond between family and friends, as the breaking of the fast is a communal event.


Hajj, or the pilgrimage to Mecca, is a unifying experience for Muslims. It is a journey that millions of Muslims make every year, regardless of their race, ethnicity, or nationality. The shared experience creates a sense of unity and reminds individuals of the global Muslim community. It also reinforces the belief in the equality of all human beings in the eyes of Allah.


Impact Description
Spiritual The shahada reminds individuals of the importance of faith and commitment to Allah. It reinforces the belief in the oneness of Allah and the importance of belief in the afterlife.
Legal The shahada is a requirement for conversion to Islam and is a declaration of allegiance to the Muslim community. It also serves as a legally binding statement in certain legal proceedings.

The shahada, or declaration of faith, is a fundamental aspect of Muslim society. It is a declaration of belief in the oneness of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad. The impact of the shahada on Muslim society can be seen in both spiritual and legal contexts.

FAQs: What Are the 5 Pillars of Islam in Order?

1. What are the 5 pillars of Islam?

The 5 pillars of Islam are the foundation of the Islamic faith, consisting of Shahada (declaration of faith), Salah (prayer), Zakat (charity), Sawm (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage).

2. Why are the 5 pillars of Islam important?

The 5 pillars of Islam are important because they serve as the framework of Muslim life and help individuals to develop and maintain a strong relationship with God.

3. What is the order of the 5 pillars of Islam?

The order of the 5 pillars of Islam is as follows:
1) Shahada (declaration of faith)
2) Salah (prayer)
3) Zakat (charity)
4) Sawm (fasting)
5) Hajj (pilgrimage).

4. What is Shahada?

Shahada is the declaration of faith in Islam. It consists of saying “there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger.”

5. What is Salah?

Salah is the obligatory prayer that Muslims perform five times a day. It is a way for Muslims to establish a direct connection with God and seek guidance, forgiveness, and mercy.

6. What is Zakat?

Zakat is the practice of giving a portion of one’s wealth to those in need. It is an act of worship that purifies the heart and encourages kindness, generosity, and compassion.

7. What is Hajj?

Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims are obligated to perform at least once in their lifetime, if they are physically and financially able to do so. It is a time for spiritual reflection, unity, and renewal.

Closing Thoughts

Now that you know what the 5 pillars of Islam are and their order, you have a greater understanding of the Islamic faith. Remember, these pillars serve as the cornerstone of Muslim life and provide a roadmap for a strong relationship with God. We hope you found this article helpful and thanks for reading. Be sure to stop by again soon for more informative content.