How Do You Know If Your Hormones Are Out of Whack: Signs and Symptoms to Watch Out For

Hey there, have you ever felt like your body is out of sync? Are you experiencing mood swings, acne breakouts, or weight gain that doesn’t seem to go away no matter how hard you exercise and diet? Chances are, the culprit could be your hormones. But how do you know for sure?

It’s no secret that hormones play a critical role in maintaining our body functions, from regulating metabolism to triggering mood changes. But when your hormonal balance is disrupted, it can wreak havoc on your health and wellbeing. Yet, many of us are unaware of the signs and symptoms of hormonal imbalance, or we tend to brush them off as normal stress or aging. That’s where this article comes in – to help you identify the telltale signs that your hormones are out of whack and what you can do about it. So, if you’re ready to learn what your body might be trying to tell you, keep reading.

In this article, we’ll delve into various factors that can contribute to hormonal imbalances, such as diet, sleep, stress, and environmental toxins. We’ll explore how different hormones like insulin, cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone interact in your body, and what happens when they go haywire. You’ll discover how hormone imbalances can impact your mental health, sex drive, fertility, and overall quality of life. More importantly, we’ll provide you with practical tips and strategies that you can implement right away to restore hormonal harmony and feel your best once again. Are you excited? Let’s get started!

Common hormonal imbalances in women

Hormonal imbalances can wreak havoc on a woman’s body and overall health. From mood swings to acne breakouts, many symptoms can indicate that your hormones are out of whack. Here are some common hormonal imbalances in women that you may experience:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): This hormonal disorder affects the ovaries, causing irregular periods, acne, unwanted hair growth, and weight gain.
  • Thyroid disorders: The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) can cause fatigue, weight gain or loss, and mood changes.
  • Adrenal fatigue: Chronic stress can cause the adrenal glands to overproduce or underproduce hormones, causing fatigue, mood swings, and difficulty handling stress.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to consult with your healthcare provider. They can help identify the root cause of your hormonal imbalances and provide proper treatment.

Physical symptoms of hormonal imbalance

Our hormones play a vital role in regulating important bodily functions, such as mood, sleep, appetite, and metabolism. When these hormones are out of balance, it can cause a range of physical symptoms that can significantly impact our overall well-being.

  • Acne – Hormonal imbalances can lead to an overproduction of sebum, which can cause acne breakouts on the face and body.
  • Weight changes – Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone can lead to weight gain or loss, especially in the abdominal area.
  • Irregular periods – A female’s menstrual cycle can be affected by hormonal imbalances, leading to heavy, painful, or irregular periods.

Other physical symptoms of hormonal imbalance can include:

  • Excessive sweating or hot flashes
  • Low libido
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Hair loss or thinning

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine if a hormonal imbalance is the underlying cause. Testing can include blood tests, saliva tests, or urine tests to measure hormone levels.

In some cases, hormonal imbalances can be managed through lifestyle changes, such as proper nutrition, exercise, stress reduction techniques, and sufficient sleep. In other cases, hormone replacement therapy or medication may be necessary to restore hormonal balance.


Physical symptoms of hormonal imbalances can greatly impact a person’s quality of life. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is important to seek medical attention to determine if a hormonal imbalance is the root cause. With proper diagnosis and management, hormonal imbalances can be successfully addressed to improve overall health and well-being.

Mental and Emotional Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance

Our hormones play a vital role in regulating our mood and emotions. When they are out of whack, it can have a significant impact on our mental and emotional well-being. Here are three common mental and emotional symptoms of hormonal imbalance:

  • Anxiety: Hormonal imbalances, particularly imbalances involving cortisol and adrenaline, can cause anxiety and feelings of nervousness. Women going through menopause also may experience anxiety due to lower levels of estrogen.
  • Depression: Hormonal imbalances can affect levels of the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, which can lead to feelings of depression. Additionally, imbalances in thyroid hormones, cortisol, and estrogen can contribute to depression.
  • Irritability: Hormonal imbalances, especially those involving estrogen and progesterone, can cause irritability, mood swings, and even rage. This is particularly common in women during PMS or perimenopause.

Hormonal Imbalances and Their Effects

Understanding the specific hormonal imbalances that may be causing mental and emotional symptoms is key to finding relief. Here are a few examples of how different hormonal imbalances can affect mood and emotions:

Thyroid Hormone Imbalances: When our bodies do not produce enough thyroid hormone, it can cause feelings of sluggishness, fatigue, and depression. If our bodies produce too much thyroid hormone, it can cause anxiety, irritability, and nervousness.

Cortisol Imbalances: Cortisol is our body’s “stress hormone,” and imbalances can cause feelings of anxiety and depression. Constantly high levels of cortisol due to chronic stress can also cause burnout and fatigue.

Sex Hormone Imbalances: Imbalances in estrogen and progesterone can cause mood swings, irritability, and anxiety in women. Testosterone imbalances in men can also cause mood changes, irritability, and even anger.

Hormone Effects of Imbalance
Estrogen Mood swings, irritability, anxiety
Progesterone Mood swings, irritability, anxiety
Testosterone Mood changes, irritability, anger
Cortisol Depression, anxiety, burnout, fatigue
Thyroid Hormones Depression, anxiety, nervousness, irritability

It’s important to note that hormonal imbalances can have a significant impact on our mental and emotional health. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, a hormonal imbalance may be the root cause, and you should consult a healthcare professional for treatment options.

Hormonal Imbalance Testing Methods

When you suspect that your hormones are out of whack, it’s important to get them tested to pinpoint the culprit of your symptoms. Here are some hormonal imbalance testing methods that can help you determine if your hormones are off-balance:

  • Blood Testing – The most common method of testing hormones is through a blood test. Doctors can test the levels of various hormones in your bloodstream, such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA, and cortisol. The results can indicate if your hormone levels are too high or too low, pointing to an imbalance.
  • Saliva Testing – This test is becoming more popular as it measures the levels of hormones bound to albumin, which represents the hormones that are active in your body. Unlike blood tests, saliva testing measures the free hormone levels, reflecting the hormone levels that are available to tissues. It’s usually done multiple times throughout the day to get a complete picture of hormone levels.
  • Urine Testing – Another way to test hormones is through urine testing. The test measures the metabolites of hormones, which provides insight into the balance of hormones in the body over a longer time period, usually 24 hours.

While these tests can indicate if there’s a hormonal imbalance, it’s crucial to interpret them correctly. Hormonal testing should always be done under the supervision of a healthcare professional, who can interpret the results and suggest the appropriate treatment plan.

Additional Diagnostic Tools

Aside from hormonal testing, there are other diagnostic tools that can help identify a hormonal imbalance:

  • Thyroid Tests – The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate your metabolism. Problems with the thyroid gland can cause a variety of symptoms and hormonal imbalances. Testing thyroid hormones, such as TSH, T3, and T4, can provide insight into potential thyroid dysfunction.
  • Ultrasound – An ultrasound may be ordered to visualize structures that produce hormones such as the ovaries, testes, and thyroid gland. It can detect cysts, tumors, or other abnormalities that may be disrupting normal hormone production.
  • MRI or CT Scan – These tests can show an image of the brain and pituitary gland. If a tumor or other abnormalities are present in the pituitary gland, they can interfere with the regulation of various hormones.

Hormone Testing: What To Expect

If you’re considering hormone testing, talk to your healthcare provider about which test is best for you and what you can expect during the test. The tests may require you to fast beforehand or stop taking certain medications for a short period. You may need to give a blood, urine, or saliva sample, and the provider may recommend specific times of the day to do so. Once the results are in, your doctor will examine the results and work with you to develop a treatment plan.


Testing Method What it Tests For Method of Testing What it Measures
Blood Testing Estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA, and cortisol Blood draw Levels of various hormones in the bloodstream
Saliva Testing Free and active hormone levels Saliva samples Hormones bound to albumin, available to tissues
Urine Testing Metabolites of hormones 24-hour urine collection Balance of hormones in the body over a longer time period

Hormonal imbalances can cause a variety of symptoms and disrupt normal bodily functions. If you suspect that your hormones are out of whack, talk to your healthcare provider about testing options that can help diagnose and treat the problem.

Natural remedies for hormonal imbalance

If you suspect that your hormones are out of balance, it’s important to visit a healthcare professional to diagnose and provide treatment options. However, there are several natural remedies that can help support hormone balance and relieve symptoms of hormonal imbalance.

  • Exercise regularly: Exercise has been shown to improve hormone balance by reducing stress hormones, promoting weight loss and improving insulin sensitivity. Aim for at least 30 minutes of physical activity per day.
  • Eat a balanced diet: A balanced diet can help support hormone balance. Focus on eating whole, nutrient-dense foods and steer clear of processed and sugary foods.
  • Get enough sleep: Sleep has a direct impact on hormone production and balance. Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep every night to support hormone balance.

In addition to lifestyle changes, there are several natural remedies that can help support hormone balance:

Herbal supplements:

  • Black cohosh: Used to relieve hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings associated with menopause.
  • Maca root: Used to improve fertility and relieve symptoms of menopause and PCOS.
  • Vitex: Used to regulate menstrual cycles and relieve PMS symptoms.

Essential oils:

  • Lavender: Helps to reduce stress and promote relaxation.
  • Clary sage: Used to relieve PMS symptoms and reduce menstrual cramps.
  • Fennel: Used to relieve symptoms of menopause, PMS and improve digestion.


If you suspect that your hormones are out of balance, it’s important to visit a healthcare professional to diagnose and provide treatment options. In addition to medical treatment, natural remedies such as exercise, a balanced diet, herbal supplements, and essential oils can help support hormone balance and relieve symptoms of hormonal imbalance.

Herbal Supplement Used for
Black cohosh Relieve hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings associated with menopause.
Maca root Improve fertility and relieve symptoms of menopause and PCOS.
Vitex Regulate menstrual cycles and relieve PMS symptoms.

Essential oils such as lavender, clary sage, and fennel can also be used to support hormone balance naturally.

Medical Treatments for Hormonal Imbalance

If you suspect that your hormones are out of balance, it is important to seek medical advice and diagnosis. Once you have a confirmed diagnosis, your doctor may recommend one or a combination of the following medical treatments.

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): HRT involves taking medication that replaces the hormones your body is lacking. Depending on the hormones your body needs and the severity of your imbalance, you may be prescribed estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, or a combination of these hormones. HRT can be taken orally, transdermally (skin patches), or through injection.
  • Birth Control Pills: Birth control pills contain synthetic hormones that can regulate your menstrual cycle and rebalance hormonal levels. They are often prescribed to women with symptoms of hormonal imbalances such as irregular periods, excessive facial hair, and acne.
  • Anti-androgen Medications: Anti-androgen medications are usually prescribed to women with conditions such as PCOS. They work by blocking the effects of male hormones such as testosterone.

It is important to note that these medical treatments can come with potential risks and side effects, and you should always consult your doctor about the best options for your individual needs and health status.

In addition to medical treatments, there are lifestyle changes you can make to help manage your hormonal imbalance, such as stress-reducing activities and dietary changes. Some studies have also suggested that natural remedies such as black cohosh and maca root may help balance hormones, but more research is needed in this area.

Common Side Effects of Hormone Replacement Therapy

While HRT can be effective in rebalancing your hormones, it can also come with side effects such as:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding
  • Breast tenderness or swelling
  • Mood swings
  • In rare cases, blood clots, stroke, and heart attack.

The Importance of Regular Monitoring

If you are undergoing medical treatment for hormonal imbalances, it is crucial to have regular monitoring by your doctor. This can involve blood tests to check hormone levels, mammograms, and pelvic exams to monitor any potential side effects of treatment. Regular check-ups can also help ensure that your treatment is effective and adjusted as necessary.


Medical Treatment Pros Cons
Hormone Replacement Therapy Effective in rebalancing hormones Potential for side effects
Birth Control Pills Regulate menstrual cycle and help with symptoms Potential for side effects
Anti-androgen Medications Helpful for conditions such as PCOS Potential for side effects

If you suspect that your hormones are out of balance, it is important to consult with your doctor about the best course of treatment for your individual needs. While medical treatments can be effective, they can also come with potential side effects and risks. Regular monitoring and lifestyle changes can also help manage your hormonal imbalance and improve overall health and well-being.

Lifestyle factors that contribute to hormonal imbalances

Hormonal imbalances are a common occurrence, especially among women, and involve the production, regulation, and distribution of hormones in the body. Several factors can contribute to hormonal imbalances, like stress, poor diet, medication, and environmental toxins. Understanding the leading causes, including lifestyle factors that contribute, can help you take necessary precautions to avoid them.

  • Diet: A poorly balanced diet high in processed foods, refined sugars, and unhealthy fats can cause hormonal imbalances. These foods can skyrocket your insulin level, cause inflammation, and lead to imbalances in sex hormones like estrogen and testosterone.
  • Lack of Sleep: Our hormones regulate our sleep-wake cycles, and lack of sleep can cause hormonal imbalances. Lack of sleep increases cortisol production, which can impact metabolism, blood sugar, immune function, and mental clarity.
  • Stress: Chronic stress affects the body’s hormonal balance by overstimulating cortisol, adrenaline, and norepinephrine production. This constant stress response can cause hormonal imbalances and lead to issues like irregular periods and infertility.

While these lifestyle factors can cause hormonal imbalances, other factors can contribute as well, like medications, environmental toxins, and genetics.

It’s crucial to take preventative measures to balance your hormones naturally. These measures involve healthy lifestyle habits like consuming a diet rich in vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats, prioritizing sleep, and keeping stress levels in check through activities like meditation and yoga.

Environmental toxins

Environmental toxins are harmful chemicals, pollutants, pesticides, and other substances found in the environment. These toxins can negatively impact your hormones by disrupting the endocrine system’s delicate balance. Some environmental toxins that can cause hormone imbalances include:

  • Bisphenol A: A chemical found in plastic containers, canned foods, and dental sealants, which disrupts estrogen and testosterone levels.
  • Phthalates: Found in personal-care items and plastics, these chemicals can cause hormonal imbalances by interfering with testosterone and estrogen levels.
  • Perfluorinated chemicals: Used in non-stick cookware, packaging material, and stain-resistant fabrics, these chemicals can disrupt thyroid hormones’ function and cause weight gain.


Medications can cause hormonal imbalances by blocking or mimicking hormones in the body. Some medications that cause hormonal imbalances include:

Medications Hormone Affected
Birth Control Pills Estrogen and progesterone
Thyroid Medications Thyroid hormones
Corticosteroids Cortisol and testosterone

While medications carry their own risks and benefits, it’s important to understand their side effects and if they can cause hormonal imbalances. It’s always best to consult a healthcare provider before stopping or starting any medication.

In conclusion, hormonal imbalances can be caused by various factors, including lifestyle habits, environmental toxins, and medications. Taking preventative measures, like consuming a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and avoiding environmental toxins, can help regulate hormonal balance naturally. If you’re experiencing persistent or severe hormonal imbalances, it’s best to seek advice from a healthcare professional.

FAQ: How do you know if your hormones are out of whack?

Q1: What are hormones and why are they important?

Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in your endocrine system that control most major bodily functions. They play an essential role in regulating everything from mood and weight to sexual function and digestion.

Q2: What are some signs that my hormones are out of balance?

Some common symptoms of hormone imbalance include fatigue, weight gain, hair loss, irregular periods, low sex drive, and mood swings.

Q3: Can stress affect my hormones?

Yes, chronic stress can disrupt the delicate balance of hormones, leading to imbalances. This is because stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline compete with sex hormones for receptor sites, throwing off the balance.

Q4: How can I balance my hormones naturally?

Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, stress reduction, and quality sleep can help balance your hormones naturally. You can also consider natural remedies such as herbal supplements or adaptogenic herbs.

Q5: When should I see a doctor about my hormones?

If you are experiencing persistent or severe symptoms of hormone imbalance, it may be time to see a doctor. A doctor can order blood tests to determine the cause of your symptoms and recommend treatment options.

Q6: Can hormone imbalances affect both men and women?

Yes, hormone imbalances can affect both men and women. While women experience fluctuations in hormones during their menstrual cycle, men can experience imbalances as they age or due to certain medical conditions.

Q7: What treatments are available for hormone imbalances?

Treatment options for hormone imbalances depend on the cause of the imbalance. Hormone replacement therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes are all potential treatment options.

Closing: Thanks for Reading!

Now that you know more about the signs of hormone imbalances and how to address them, you can take control of your health. Remember to listen to your body and seek medical advice if you are experiencing persistent symptoms. Thanks for reading and be sure to check back for more health tips and insights in the future!